While taking this teaching certification
course, one of the most critical things I have learned is the significance of lesson plans and more importantly, how to create effective lesson plans.
Lesson planning can be very helpful, especially for an inexperienced teacher
as it provides guidance and structure in the classroom. However, lesson plans also create a record of what the class has worked on and allows the teacher
to make any adjustments for future lessons.
There are many aspects to consider when creating lesson plans such as identifying what your goals are as a teacher
as well as what the goals of the learners. Identifying the possible difficulties and ways of addressing them is also part of lesson planning. In preparation for the lesson, the teacher
should make sure that the appropriate materials are available.
In order for students to learn english
, they need to be motivated, exposed to the language and have the opportunity to use it. The most effective method was developed by Jeremy Harmer and is known as the ESA (Engage, Study, Activate) method. The Engage phase is to arouse the students' interest; during the Study phase the main focus is the language itself; and the Activate phase encourages students to use all and any language they know. There are three types of ESA lessons; the first one is the ‘straight arrow ESA lesson' which takes the lesson in order. ‘Boomerang ESA lesson', which is structured EASA, allows the teacher
more possibilities for students to freely communicate. The ‘Patchwork ESA lesson', which is structured EAASAESA, is mostly used with high level students that require a lot of activate activities and this lesson type allows for a lot of flexibility for the teacher
For the actual lesson plan itself, the teacher
shall be sure to have a good balance of grammar, vocabulary, and skill work as well as activities that include the four components (reading, writing, speaking and listening). When planning for various types of activities, the teacher
should plan for how long each activity is anticipated to take. This can be affected by the number of students that are in the class, which also needs to be taken into account. Lastly, the activities should refl
ect the level of ability of the class; not being two complex nor simple.
In the book “esl
Teaching: Principles for Success”, Yvonne and David Freeman identify a variety of ways to make a lesson plan effective. A lesson should consist of content that has meaning and purpose to the learners so that it is relevant to their lives. This also helps generate interested and increased participation in the classroom. Social interaction is a very important aspect as it allows students to practice the language together, gives the teacher
a wider range of activities than just individual work and also builds confidence.
During the lesson, the teacher
should make notes or comments that refl
ect how the lesson went. From these comments, the teacher
is able to make necessary adjustments for future lessons. Lastly, it is vital for the teacher
to ask for feedback as well as have the students evaluate how effective the lesson was for them. This type of feedback informs the teacher
on how the lesson plan is working and if there needs to be any modifications.