The intentional teacher
will first seek to inspire their students in order to learn. In doing this the teacher
will have to provide motivation to the students. This is endorsed by Ames who stated that "Effective learning in the classroom depends on the teacher
's ability ... to maintain the interest that brought students to the course in the first place". Whatever level of motivation your students bring to the classroom will be transformed, for better or worse, by what happens in that classroom.
Grabbing the attention of a student and maintain that enthusiasm is no easy task for a teacher
. Many factors affect a given student's motivation to work and to learn: interest in the subject matter, perception of its usefulness, general desire to achieve, self-confidence and self-esteem, as well as patience and persistence. And, of course, not all students are motivated by the same values, needs, desires, or wants. Some of your students will be motivated by the approval of others, some by overcoming challenges.
Motivation is generally understood as what arouses and sustains a particular behaviour. However, it is agreed that, for school purposes at least, there are two types of motivation- the extrinsic motivation and the intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation usually derives from external rewards- prizes, grades, tokens and wanting to do better than others. This leads to students performing solely for these rewards or to avoid shame or embarrassment. Intrinsic motivation comes from within. When a student is driven to do well for his own self-satisfaction in developing a skill, then the learning is more meaningful and long-lasting
is the critical element in motivating students in the classroom. teacher
s are the backbone to learning hence they must be the leading motivating factor in motivating students to learn. Learning a new task, skill or concept can be an exciting and compelling experience. A teacher
plays a significant and pivotal role in the learning process and has the unique and rewarding ability to successfully motivate his/her students throughout each class. (Krista Tannahill)
There is nothing more refreshing than an energetic and enthusiastic teacher
. When a teacher
demonstrates a passion for the subject matter it becomes interesting to everyone in the room. A monotone teacher
who does not appear to be interested in the subject matter being taught will not be able to engage the students, create a rapport with the class or encourage learning. Animated and lively teacher
s with a passion for the subject matter will be far more interesting to the students and will ultimately motivate them throughout the learning process. The teacher
can do this by make it a priority: to greet students as they arrive for class: vary your instructional strategies; use illustrated lectures, demonstrations, discussions, computers, tutoring, coaching and more: Open each presentation with an introduction that captures the interest of your students: Move around the room as you teach; walk energetically and purposefully: Be expressive with your face: Put some excitement into your speech; vary your pitch, volume and rate: Use demonstrative movements of the head, arms, and hands; keep your hands out of your pockets: Use words that are highly descriptive; give alot of examples.
There are a number of other ways teacher
s can motivate learners in the classroom;
1. De-emphasizing Grades: Design tests that encourage the kind of learning you want students to achieve. Many students will learn whatever is necessary to get the grades they desire
2. Motivating Students by Responding to Their Work: Students feel encouraged when teacher
s respond to their work promptly.
i. Give positive feedback. Positive feedback is a powerful tool that encourages a willingness to learn and creates a sense of excitement around the learning process
ii. Give students feedback as quickly as possible. Return tests and papers promptly, and reward success publicly and immediately
3. Reward success. Both positive and negative comments influence motivation, but research consistently indicates that students are more affected by positive feedback and success
4. Introduce students to the good work done by their peers. Share the ideas, knowledge, and accomplishments of individual students with the class as a whole.
Motivating students to learn and rewarding students for their efforts are crucial to effective leaning; whether intrinsically or extrinsically, motivation serves as the unbiblical cord to learning. Motivation is a vital tool that drives students towards success. teacher
s that utilize motivational techniques can propel students to want to learn and create a sense of fun in the classroom.
Ames, R., and Ames, C 1990 . "Motivation and Effective Teaching." In B. F. Jones and L. Idol (eds.), Dimensions of Thinking and Cognitive Instruction. Hillsdale, N. J.: ErIbaum,.
Ericksen, S. C. 1978"The Lecture." Memo to the Faculty, no. 60. ann arbor
: Center for Research on Teaching and Learning, University of Michigan
Sullivan, Richard and Wircenski, Jerry L. 1988 The Vocational Education Journal
Published by the American Vocational Association.