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To begin teaching Modal Auxiliary Verbs I would first start with an activity for the Engage phase of the lesson. I would ask students to talk with a partner and give that person some advice. Have the partner write down how they phrased the question and respond with advice of their own which the other partner must also record. I would want the students to repeat these 4 more times, with the partners giving each other an obligation, permission/prohibition to do something, a possibility of what they might do, and an ability that they have. I would wait and make sure the whole class moves on to each new question or statement together. At the end of this activity, students should have 5 different sentences their partner said to them on their paper. Next for the second part of the Engage phase I will lecture students on what exactly a Modal Auxiliary Verb is and when they are used while making the connection that all 5 of the sentences they wrote should include an auxiliary verb if done correctly but also ensuring students it is fine if they are incorrect as we are learning this now and will correct these mistakes soon. I would also explain how Modal Auxiliary Verbs do not need to be conjugated depending on the subject, for example I can swim is the same as she can swim. I would also mention the different verbs expressing different degrees of formality. Lastly, I would provide a chart of all the Modal Auxiliary Verbs, their uses, and an example in the present/future tenses. To start the Study phase I would have students look over the chart and correct the sentences they wrote down on the papers from earlier. If they are already correct, have the students highlight or underline the Modal Auxiliary Verbs. Next they will repeat the activity with their partners where they provide the 5 uses of Modal Auxiliary Verbs in sentences referring to obligations, permissions, possibilities, abilities, and advice. Have the partners write down what they say and encourage them to correct each other if they make mistakes. Next, I will return to a short lecture on the board about how Modal Auxiliary Verbs in the past tense. I will go over examples of which verbs have extra words added into the sentence or are conjugated a different way. While doing this student will fill in the examples, I have on the board to their chart provided earlier that has a blank column for the past tense. Next students will repeat the activity with their partner of all 5 verb sentences in the past tense. Again, the partners record and correct them as they go. The final part for the activation stage is to role play a situation where a person of a higher authority is reprimanding someone of a lower authority such as a parent and child, boss and employee, or a teacher and student. Students will be assigned partners and will have a certain amount of time to plan a script that includes both partners using all 5 uses of the Modal Auxiliary Verbs with at least one past, present, and future tense each. These will be presented in the front of class.