Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Usages


The main function for the present perfect tense is to relate something in the past to the present. We can do so in a number of ways. First, we have indefinite past actions. 'I have been to Italy twice'. We're not concerned with when it happened, we just simply want to say that it has happened in the past. It's a fact of something I have done in the past but yet it's still true in the present. Unfinished past actions: 'I have lived here for three years'. I started living here in the past and it's still true now. With this usage, you will typically see time expressions. Finally, we have past actions with present results. I have lost my keys. It's implied that I still haven't found them. I lost them in the past. I don't have them now. I've lost my keys.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Unit 17 looked at the different types of materials used in ESL classrooms. Though some of the methods --like cassette tapes-- seem a bit old fashioned, this was a very helpful look at the advantages and disadvantages of certain resources like overhead projectors and Smart Boards. I was also pleased to see the extensive list of online resources available.This unit has been really useful for me because it has helped me to understand the present tenses in a beeter way and also it has given me ideas about activities I can do with the students to help them understand these 4 different present tenses. It is very helpful to know about the different mistakes that the students can make when learning these tenses.